July 28, 2018 Article 0

LAND DOCUMENT DEMYSTIFIED BY: Emmanuel Abikoye

EXCISION IN PROCESS WITH KL FILE NO
This means the process of getting excision for a land has been initiated evidence by the KL
File no.

Excision is the RIGHT of the community as the 1979 land use ACT recognizes ancestral
ownership of land.

This means there is high chances of approval than rejection.

EXCISION
Land Use Decree on the 28th of March, 1978 that vested all lands in every state of the
Federation under the control of the State Governors. The Land Use Act coupled with other
laws made it possible for the Governor who was now the owner of all lands in the state to
actually have the power to Acquire more lands compulsorily for its own public purpose to
provide amenities for the greater good of the citizens.

Fortunately, the government recognizes that indigenes of different sections of the country
have a right to existence . . . a right to the land of their birth. Hence, it is customary for
state government to cede a portion of land to the original owners (natives) of each area.
An Excision means basically taking a part from a whole and that part that has been excised,
will be recorded and documented in the official government record of the state called
“GAZETTE”

GAZETTE
Gazette means the official documentation of an already excised land in the Official Gazette
of the state.

CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY
A Certificate of Occupancy (CofO) is the official government document indicating that the
Statutory right to parcel of land has been given to the first occupant for 99 years in
accordance to the Lagos Land use ACT of 1978

GOVERNOR’S CONSENT
A governor’s consent can only be processed on a land with either Gazette or an Existing
Certificate of Occupancy (C of O).

If a person with land with C of O decides to sell his land, the only documents that can give
the new buyer or every other subsequent buyers the right of occupancy or ownership is a
governor’s consent.

The powers of the Governor to consent to such transactions can be found in Section 22 of
the Land Use Act of 1978 which states thus ‘It shall not be lawful for the holder of a
statutory right of occupancy granted by the governor to alienate his right of occupancy or
any part thereof by assignment, mortgage, transfer of possession, sublease or otherwise
howsoever without the consent of the Governor first had and obtained” This simply means
therefore that even when a buyer has secured a land with a Certificate of Occupancy, he
shouldn’t stop there.

He needs to begin the process of obtaining a Governor’s consent to make that purchase
legal in the eyes of the government and be rest assured his land is safe.